THE INSIDE STORY OF HOW FRE-FLO™ WORKS
Although the exact FRE-FLO™ technology is, of course, completely proprietary, the following papers give a detailed, fascinating overview of how FRE-FLO™ technology works.
|How FRE-FLO™ Technology Works||Technical Principles of FRE-FLO™|
Catalytic Water Conditioning
John Heiny, Chief Engineer
CATALYTIC WATER CONDITIONING TECHNOLOGY
FRE-FLO™ acts as a catalytic water conditioner that creates a soft calcium carbonate crystal. FRE-FLO™ is a non-magnetic, non-sacrificial unit that comes in varying size models. Most importantly, FRE-FLO™ controls scale and existing deposits and does not add anything to the water. Simply put, the FRE-FLO ™ works to control scale by the core of the FRE-FLO™ converting a portion of the calcium and carbonate ions that are dissolved in water into a “soft” calcium carbonate crystal, smaller than talcum powder.
LAMINAR VS. TURBULENT FLOW
The FRE-FLO™ non-magnetic unit creates a turbulent flow situation within its housing. The resultant turbulence allows the individual dissolved calcium ions to contact the proprietary blend of metals of the FRE-FLO™ core. In the standard laminar flow situation, most of the calcium ions would never contact the metallic core. This is why the FRE-FLO™ unit is sized based on flow. A corollary developed by FRE-FLO™ WATER SYSTEMS, INC. to illustrate this concept is that bigger is not better. In fact, if the FRE-FLO™ is oversized it will not work.
SOFT VS. HARD CRYSTAL
The typical hard water scale is composed of aragonite crystals. These crystals have the familiar sand paper feel of hard water deposits. The FRE-FLO™ is just changing the crystalline form of calcium carbonate. The new crystalline form is spherical (vaterite). As with any spherical shape, it is hard to build up any sort of deposit. A simple example of this would be to try and stack up some ball bearings. That is why FRE-FLO™ treated water does not build up bothersome deposits.
SAME ELEMENT - DIFFERENT CRYSTALLINE STRUCTURE
A well-known example of this duality of form is best illustrated with the element carbon. In one case, the element carbon creates the hardest substance on the planet called diamond. In the other case, with the same element carbon, a lubricant is formed called graphite. Same element, totally different structure and totally different physical properties, each are 100% carbon.